Amazing facts about the kidney.

17 Jun

1. The kidneys have a higher blood flow than the brain, liver or even the heart!

2. The kidneys reabsorb and redistribute 99% of the blood volume and only 0.1% of the blood filtered becomes urine.

3. Kidney stones are an accumulation of mineral salts and mostly combined with calcium which can lodge anywhere along the course of the urinary tract.

4. Refined carbohydrates and sugar help the body make kidney stones.

5. Sugar will stimulate the pancreas to release insulin. This causes extra calcium to be excreted in the urine. . . alas, kidney stones.

6. An excess of milk or antacids may cause kidney stones.

7. Each kidney is about 4 ½ inches long.

8. Each kidney weighs approximately 4 to 6 ounces.

9. The kidneys of a newborn baby are about 3times larger in proportion to body weight as in the adult.

10. The volume of urine excreted daily varies from 1000 to 2000 ml (averaging 1500 ml). 1000 ml (millileters) = 1 liter.

11.) About one-third of transplanted kidneys come from living relatives and about two-thirds are from someone who recently died.

12.) The kidneys perform their life- sustaining job of filtering and returning to the bloodstream about 200 quarts of fluid every 24 hours. About two quarts are removed from the body in the form of urine, and about 198 quarts are recovered. The urine we excrete has been stored in the bladder for anywhere from 1 to 8 hours.

13.) Your kidneys receive about 120 pints of blood per hour.

14.) Over 400 gallons of recycled blood is pumped through your kidneys every day.

15.) Half of one kidney could do the work that two kidneys usually do.

16.) 20 million Americans – 1 in 9 US adults – have Chronic Kidney Disease and another 20 million more are at increased risk.

17.) Your kidneys represent about 0.5% of the total weight of the body, but receive 20–25% of the total arterial blood pumped by the heart.

18.) Each kidney contains from one to two million nephrons.

19.) Over 1.5 million individuals around the world receive dialysis or have had akidney transplant.

20.) More than 500 million persons worldwide – 10% of the adult population – have some form of kidney damage, and every year millions die prematurely of cardiovascular diseases linked to Chronic Kidney Disease.

21.) A single kidney with only 75 percent of its functional capacity can sustain life very well. If only one kidney is present, that kidney can adjust to filter as much as two kidneys would normally. In such a situation, the nephrons compensate individually by increasing in size–a process known as hypertrophy–to handle the extra load.

22.) If one functional kidney is missing from birth, the other kidney can grow to reach a size similar to the combined weight of two kidneys (about one pound).

23.) After 40 the kidney nephrons stop functioning at a rate of 1 percent per year. The remaining nephrons tend to enlarge and fully compensate for this demise.

24.) Placed end to end, the nephrons of one kidney would stretch about 8 km that equals nearly 5 miles.

25.) In 1933 Russian surgeon Yuri Voronoy performed the first human kidney transplant in Kiev, Ukraine, it failed.

26.) In December 1954, Dr.Joseph E. Murray performed the world’s first successful kidney transplant between identical twins at the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts.

27.) In the U.S. in 2005 there were over 60,000 people on the waiting list for a kidney.

Points to remember;

Your kidneys are vital organs, keeping your blood clean and chemically balanced.

The progression of kidney disease can be slowed, but it cannot be reversed.

End-stage renal disease (ESRD) is the total loss of kidney function.

Dialysis and transplantation can extend the lives of people with ESRD.

Diabetes and high blood pressure are the two leading causes of kidney failure.

You should see a nephrologists regularly if you have renal disease.

If you are in the early stages of renal disease, you may be able to save your remaining renal function for many years by Controlling your blood sugar, Controlling your blood pressure, Following a low-protein diet, Maintaining healthy levels of cholesterol in your blood and Taking an ACE inhibitor if you have diabetes.

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